The Superposed Shotgun

A Grade I Superposed shows some wear, but will give its owner many more days afield.
A Grade I Superposed shows some wear, but will give its owner many more days afield.

Along the way, in spite of ‘technical difficulties’ which included; Browning’s death, the Great Depression, the Nazi occupation of Belgium in May 1940 which decimated the FN facility, ceasing production – Browning sold more than 13,000 Supers in the U.S. establishing itself as a force to be reckoned with in the sporting arms market.

After World War II, and the rebuilding of FN, military sales began pouring into the new manufacturing facility. Welcome news for the war-torn gun maker, not so good for Browning. Much of their effort was busy filling military contracts and the Auto-5, which required much less attention than the labor-intensive Superposed.
By 1948, the Superposed’s presence was again felt in the U.S. However, loss of both manpower and machinery hampered shipments. The shotguns were much like those shipped before the war, but only in hunting grades or Grade I. In 1949 the 20-gauge found its way to the states, but again, only in Grade I configurations, change was in the air.

When the Super again hit the U.S., the model moniker had been changed – the entire lineup was known as Grade I through Grade V. Also in 1950, Browning began marketing highly engraved models known as their “Special Models Superposed.”

These shotguns were not just works of mechanical genius, but a canvas for the talents of some of the world’s finest artists/engravers, many being trained under the watchful tutelage of FN’s chief engraver, Felix Funken.

Each Superposed was engraved. The Grade I was embellished with a delicate scroll on both sides of the receiver. This work often fell to the least experienced engravers who could produce four per day.

The more elaborate work went to the craftsmen and women with more experience. The engraving pattern on the Grade II took a skilled engraver 15 hours to produce.
The higher the grade of gun, the more elaborate the engraving, the fancier the wood and so on. The Grade V offered full coverage engraving that took even master engravers more than 35 hours to complete.

The Grade VI, introduced in 1957, had its customers waiting months to receive their works of art, the gun featured a hand-matted rib, gold-plated firing pins, and ejector pins. The gun was stocked in high-grade walnut and hand checkered. The elaborate engraving scenes on the Grade VI were unique even if only slightly and included 18-karat gold inlays and deep engraved relief birds. The 12-gauge usually featured ducks and pheasants, the 20-gauge featured smaller game birds.
In 1959, Browning introduced the small gauges, 28 and 410, which sold out in six weeks.

A sharp engraving tool produces a curl as the tool cuts the steel.
A sharp engraving tool produces a curl as the tool cuts the steel.

By the end of the 1950s, FN had produced more than 86,000 Superposed shotguns, the majority of those being sold by Browning in the U.S.
If the 50s felt like change, the 60s showed it. Browning went public in 1961 and began diversifying its product line dabbling in boats, fishing rods, bows and arrows, as well as, new firearms under the Browning logo.

Browning Supers again were renamed Standard, Pigeon, Pointer, Diana and Midas grade. In 1966, the long tang trigger guard was replaced to a shorter trigger guard. This changed the physical appearance of the Superposed, as did the switch from the “Y” tang to the “U” shaped upper tang.

A shortage of high-grade French walnut, forced the change to Claro walnut of progressive grades.

The Super was selling like hotcakes, but nearly met its demise from its own maker’s hand – a decision to speed up the process of drying the wood by utilizing salt.
In case you didn’t know; steel and salt don’t mix and the effects from the salt-cured wood are not pretty. The metal is deeply pitted and the affected steel must be removed, welded and reshaped. The original salt-cured stock and forearm are useless and must be discarded.

Browning and its dedicated employees rolled up their sleeves and rectified the dreaded “Salt Wood” fiasco righting their wrong – instead of burying their heads in the sand.

Another hurdle cleared, Browning marched on to the tune of more than 11,000 guns annually for the entire decade, but once again change was coming…

The carefree days of the 60s came to a screeching halt as the 70s hit and even the Super could not avoid this recession.

Superposed sales dropped 25 percent in 1970. Browning’s competition had already begun to cut costs, but the Super held its own even though profits were down. As the 70s progressed, the other shoe dropped – sporting arms sales plummeted across the board. By 1975, only 1,276 Supers were sold.

Browning was going through some difficult times and dumped many of the losing subsidiaries started up in the 60s. Things went from bad to worse. Finally, in 1977 Browning was sold to FN, and the Superposed ceased being a production firearm, though FN still offers it as a custom shop firearm.

For its 46-year production run, Browning sold more than 255,000 Superposeds in North America. John Browning’s final legacy of an affordable over and under which became the Superposed, remains atop another list – as one of America’s all–time favorite shotguns.

This article appeared in the November 8, 2010 issue of Gun Digest the Magazine. Click here to subscribe.


Recommended books for gun collectors:

2010 Standard Catalog of Firearms. Click HereStandard Catalog of Firearms, 20th Edition.

Gun Digest 2010, 64th Edition

The Official Gun Digest Book of Guns & Prices 2010, Rifles, Pistols & Shotguns
5th Edition

One thought on “The Superposed Shotgun

  1. Pingback: Steve Felgenhauer – AmmoLand Outdoor Writer Biography Series | Shoo.Net Shooters Network

COMMENT